knauf b1

Experimental-Industrial Tests of Wall Ceramics Technology of Volume Staining with a Matrix Structure

Number of journal: 4-2021

Akst D.V.,
Stolboushkin A.Yu.

УДК: 666.7-12:001.891.55


AbstractAbout AuthorsReferences
The necessity of thorough mixing of the ceramic mixture components, which ensures the staining of wall ceramics without stains and color streaks, is shown. The main reasons for the dominance of the plastic molding technology of ceramic bricks at the present stage are considered. Prospects for semi-dry pressing of ceramic products with the use of lean silty loams, waste and by-products of industrial production in the technology of volume staining ceramic bricks are substantiated. A brief description of raw materials for ceramic mixture obtaining for the factory tests is given. Medium plastic clay, slime iron ore wastes were used as the basis, manganese and vanadium-containing technogenic additives were used as dyes. The processes of press powders granulation according to the patented technology and production of wall ceramics at working brick factory of semi-dry pressing are described. The results of the study of decorative and physical and mechanical properties of fired bricks, depending on the composition of the ceramic charge, are presented. The compliance of the obtained ceramic brick with the requirements of State Standard 530–2012 for grades M150–200 and its volume staining in brown and dark gray has been established. An assessment of the radiation safety of volume-stained ceramic materials is given according to the value of the total specific effective activity of natural radionuclides. An assessment of the effectiveness of the developed technology of volume-stained wall ceramics with a matrix structure, based on the results of the experimental-industrial testing in the factory, is given. The developed flow sheet of ceramic bricks production from clay and technogenic manganese concentrate is presented. The main stages of the full cycle of obtaining ceramic products in accordance with the process regulations for the design of the production of volume-stained ceramic bricks with a matrix structure are given.
D.V. AKST, Engineer (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.),
A.Yu. STOLBOUSHKIN, Doctor of Sciences (Engineering) (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)

Siberian State Industrial University (42, Kirova Street, Novokuznetsk, 654007, Russian Federation)

1. Pishch I.V., Maslennikova G.N., Gvozdeva N.A., Klimosh Yu.A., Baranovskaya E.I. Methods for ceramic bricks staining. Steklo i keramika. 2007. No. 8, pp. 15–18. (In Russian).
2. Zubekhin A.P., Yatsenko N.D., Golovanova S.P. Teoreticheskie osnovy belizny i okrashivaniya keramiki i portlandtsementa [Theoretical basis of whiteness and coloring of ceramics and Portland cement]. Мoscow: Stroymaterialy. 2012. 152 p.
3. Molinari C., Conte S., Zanelli C., Ardit M., Cruciani G., Dondi M. Ceramic pigments and dyes beyond the inkjet revolution: From technological requirements to constraints in colorant design. Ceramics International. 2020. Vol. 46. Iss. 14, pp. 21839–21872. DOI:
4. Händle F. Extrusion in Ceramics. Berlin: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. 2007. 413 p. DOI:
5. Stolboushkin A.Yu., Akst D.V., Syromyasov V.A., Ivanov A.I., Shcherbinina E.O. Influence of the molding method on decorative properties during volume coloring of ceramic samples. Trudy NGASU. 2016. Vol. 19. No. 2 (62), pp. 138–144. (In Russian).
6. Shlegel’ I.F., Shaevich G.Ya., Andrianov A.V., Rukavitsyn A.V., Kukushkin V.A., Molodkina L.N., Noskov A.V. The experience in the reconstruction of a factory of volume colored brick. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2012. No. 5, pp. 44–45. (In Russian).
7. Gurov N.G., Gurova O.E., Storozhenko G.I. Innovative directions of technological and instrumental reconstruction of semi-dry pressing plants. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2013. No. 12, pp. 52–55. (In Russian).
8. Yushkevich M.O., Rogovoi M.I. Tekhnologiya keramiki [Technology of ceramics]. Moscow: Kniga po trebovaniyu. 2012. 348 p.
9. Cherkasov S.V., Turchenko A.E., Stepanova M.P., Shelkovnikova T.I. Formation of the ceramic bricks structure with rigid and plastic molding methods. Khimiya, fizika i mekhanika materialov. 2018. No. 1 (16), pp. 33–44. (In Russian).
10. Galitskov S.Ya., Galitskov K.S., Nazarov M.A. Mathematical modeling of ceramic mass molding in a screw press as an object of brick production automation. Promyshlennoe i grazhdanskoe stroitel’stvo. 2014. No. 3, pp. 25–29. (In Russian).
11. Nicolas M.F., Vlasova M., Aguilar P.A.M., Kakazey M., Cano M.M.C., Matus R.A., Puig T.P. Development of an energy-saving technology for sintering of bricks from high-siliceous clay by the plastic molding method. Construction and Building Materials. 2020. Vol. 242. DOI:
12. Wiemes L., Pawlowsky U., Mymrin V. Incorporation of industrial wastes as raw materials in brick’s formulation. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2017. Vol. 142, pp. 69–77. DOI:
13. Stolboushkin A.Yu., Akst D.V., Fomina O.A. Development of a model for color formation and distribution of a coloring component during of the firing of ceramics of frame-painted structure. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2020. No. 8, pp. 38–46. (In Russian). DOI:
14. Akst D.V., Stolboushkin A.Yu., Fomina O.A. Calculation of the composition of granular charges for decorative wall ceramics. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2020. No. 12, pp. 25–33. (In Russian). DOI:
15. Patent RF 2701657. Sposob polucheniya syr’evoi smesi dlya dekorativnoi stroitel’noi keramiki [The method of obtaining a raw mix for decorative construction ceramics]. Akst D.V., Stolboushkin A.Yu., Fomina O.A. Declared 19.12.2018. Published 30.09.2019. Bulletin No. 28. (In Russian).
16. Patent RF 2641533. Sposob poluchenii syr’evoi smesi dlya dekorativnoi stenovoi keramiki [The method of obtaining a raw mix for decorative wall ceramics]. Stolboushkin A.Yu., Akst D.V., Ivanov A.I., Fomina O.A., Syromyasov V.A. Declared 01.12.2016. Published 18.01.2018. Bulletin No. 2. (In Russian).
17. Salahov A.M., Morozov V.P., Vagizov F.G., Eskin A.A., Valimuhametova A.R., Zinnatullin A.L. The scientific basis of color management of face brick at the Alekseevskaya Ceramics factory. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2017. No. 3, pp. 90–95. DOI: (In Russian).
18. Badge S.K., Deshpande A.V. Effect of vanadium doping on structural, dielectric and ferroelectric properties of bismuth titanate (Bi4Ti3O12) ceramics. Ceramics International. 2019. Vol. 45, Iss. 12, pp. 15307–15313. DOI:

For citation: Akst D.V., Stolboushkin A.Yu. Experimental-industrial tests of wall ceramics technology of volume staining with a matrix structure. Stroitel’nye Materialy [Construction Materials]. 2021. No. 4, pp. 9–15. (In Russian). DOI:

Print   Email